Учасники / Розклад Міжнародної онлайн-конференції UAScenography 2022 /
Participants / Schedule of the UAScenography 2022 International Online Conference
22 листопада / November, 22
In Ukraine, the term “scenography” became established in the early twentieth century. The formation of scenography dates back to the period of creation of a professional stationary theater in Ukraine, so 1907 can be considered the beginning of the reference. Already in the 1920s, with the rise of the Avant-garde, the scenographer became on a par with the director in creating the performance. The processes were frozen by the “shootings” of artists in 1937, which led to the dominance of socialist realism in the design of performances.
Ukrainian scenography of the 50s – 80s underwent a change in figurative vocabulary. The painted sceneries of socialist realism were replaced by effective scenography, scenography of the Great Style. It became important for it to create an image and an associative series. Accordingly, the theatrical costume acquires a new meaning. Elements of scenography, its structure, subjectivity, and costumes with their texture built their dramaturgy. At the same time, the interrupted connection with the Ukrainian Avant-garde is being restored, about which begin to talk and arrange exhibitions to forgotten artists.
Lider taught in 1973-1980 at the Department of Painting and Composition of the Kyiv Art Institute. In 1975–1980 he was the head of the theater workshop of the Kyiv Art Institute. From 1990 he returned to teaching (at the same time he managed the workshop); since 1994 – Professor of the Department of Painting and Composition at the Ukrainian Academy of Arts. He founded his own school of scenography. More precisely, he did not profess and did not form his own “school” as a set of stable norms, he only sought to open new worlds in students.
Outside the “school” of Lider, a number of original scenographers developed, who began their way in the 80s – 90s and were inspired by the trends of effective scenography, but also sought new visual means of expression and new spaces. This generation of artists is characterized by the arrival of related creative professions – from painting, cinema, design, from graphic design.
The younger generation is actively entering the profession in the early 2000s. Some of them can be called “grandchildren” of Lider – NAFAA graduates. In 2004, the Department of Scenography and Screen Arts was established on the basis of the Theater and Decoration Department of NAFAA, which was headed by A. Aleksandrovych-Dochevskyi, a student of D. Lider. Other scenographers were formed in various universities, and often even outside the departments of scenography.